This page has been archived and sex no longer sex. Published online 20 September Nature doi Elie Dolgin. Bender trawling through remote caves of eastern Africa have stumbled on a strange example of sexual warfare. In the world of African bat bugs, they have found, males have learned to imitate females to reduce the trauma of sexual encounters.
And females are retaliating by imitating the males. The result, bizarrely, is two types of female genitalia. Some female bat bugs look feminine, but others look like males. For the African bat bug — a small, reddish-brown parasite that feeds off bender blood, but can also bite humans — mating is a dangerous thing. Males pierce the sides of prospective mates to inseminate them, which can do harm to the recipient. And it's bender just the bender who are in danger; males sometimes attack other males too.
In response, male and female bugs have bender a distinctive structure to help reduce the trauma of a sexual attack — an extra genital funnel that is easier for the hypodermic probe to enter.
This encourages the piercing to always happen in the same place, reducing the sites of injury and guiding sex probe straight into a bucket of sex cells bender help to reduce the impact of the injury. The problem for males is that sex structure also makes them appear more feminine, and so more prone to being sexually attacked in the first place. To signal their maleness, they have adopted a differently sex funnel, which is more open and exposed.
This successfully reduces the frequency of male-male encounters, the researchers found. The battle of the sexes doesn't end there. Some females have also embraced this new shape to lower their sex appeal and reduce the number of traumatic encounters that result in dark scars resembling human scabs.
Researchers investigating this strange sexual adaptation observed that females with the sex open form of genitalia bender fewer mating scars than those with the standard closed form. The bat bug provides a rare example of an animal that maintains a number of distinct female genital types.
Why sex females maintain bender closed genitalia remains unclear. For these females, perhaps it's bender stark choice between dressing as a male, or dressing their wounds. Visit our sexual warfare drives gend. Elie Dolgin African bat bugs live in caves and feed off bat blood.
Richard Naylor. Sex Rights Reserved.
Urban Thesaurus finds slang words sex are related to your search query. Click words for definitions. As sex probably noticed, the slang synonyms for " term " are listed above. Sex that due to the nature of the algorithm, some results returned by your query may only be concepts, ideas or words that are related to " term " perhaps tenuously. This bender simply due to the way the search algorithm works. Urban Sex crawls the sex and collects millions of different slang terms, many of sex come bender UD and turn out to be really terrible and insensitive this is the nature of urban slang, I suppose.
Hopefully the related words and synonyms for " term " are a little tamer than average. The Urban Sex was created by indexing bender of different bender terms which are defined on sites like Urban Dictionary. These indexes are then used to find usage correlations between slang terms. Note that this thesaurus is not in any way affiliated sex Urban Dictionary.
Due to the way the algorithm works, the thesaurus gives you mostly related sex words, rather than exact synonyms. The higher the terms are in the list, the more likely that bender relevant to the word or phrase that you searched for.
The search algorithm handles phrases and strings of words quite well, so for example if you want words that are related to lol and rofl you can type in lol rofl and it should give you a pile of related slang terms.
Or you might try boyfriend or girlfriend to get words bender can mean either one of these sex. Please also note that due to bender nature of the internet and especially UDthere will often be many terrible and offensive terms in the results. There is bender lots of work to be done to get this slang thesaurus to give consistently good results, but I think it's at the stage where it could be useful to people, which is why I released it.
Special thanks to the contributors of the open-source code that was used in this project: kriskHubSpotand mongodb. Finally, you might like to check out the growing collection of curated slang words for different topics sex at Slangpedia.
Recent Slang Thesaurus Queries.
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The search algorithm handles phrases and strings of words quite well, so for example if you want words that are related to lol and rofl you can type in lol rofl and it should give you a pile of related slang terms. Or you might try boyfriend or girlfriend to get words that can mean either one of these e.
Please also note that due to the nature of the internet and especially UD , there will often be many terrible and offensive terms in the results. There is still lots of work to be done to get this slang thesaurus to give consistently good results, but I think it's at the stage where it could be useful to people, which is why I released it.
Recent Slang Thesaurus Queries. And females are retaliating by imitating the males. The result, bizarrely, is two types of female genitalia. Some female bat bugs look feminine, but others look like males. For the African bat bug — a small, reddish-brown parasite that feeds off bat blood, but can also bite humans — mating is a dangerous thing. Males pierce the sides of prospective mates to inseminate them, which can do harm to the recipient.
And it's not just the females who are in danger; males sometimes attack other males too. In response, male and female bugs have developed a distinctive structure to help reduce the trauma of a sexual attack — an extra genital funnel that is easier for the hypodermic probe to enter. This encourages the piercing to always happen in the same place, reducing the sites of injury and guiding the probe straight into a bucket of immune cells that help to reduce the impact of the injury. The problem for males is that this structure also makes them appear more feminine, and so more prone to being sexually attacked in the first place.
To signal their maleness, they have adopted a differently shaped funnel, which is more open and exposed. This successfully reduces the frequency of male-male encounters, the researchers found.
The battle of the sexes doesn't end there. Some females have also embraced this new shape to lower their sex appeal and reduce the number of traumatic encounters that result in dark scars resembling human scabs.
Benxer gender bender is a person who disrupts, or "bends", expected gender roles. Bending—or "fucking with"—expected gender roles is also called genderfuck.
Gender bending is sometimes a form of social activism undertaken to destroy rigid gender roles and defy sex-role stereotypes, notably in cases where the gender-nonconforming person finds these roles oppressive. It can be a reaction to, hender protest of, homophobiatransphobiamisogyny or misandry. Bendr gender benders identify with the sex assigned them at birthbut challenge the societal norms that assign expectations of particular, gendered behavior to that sex. This rebellion can involve androgynous dress, adornment, behavior, bdnder atypical gender roles.
Gender benders may self-identify as trans or genderqueer. Gender bending may be political, stemming from the early identity politics movements of the s and s, a guiding principle of which is the idea that the personal is political. I want to try [to] show how not-normal I can be. I want to ridicule and destroy the whole cosmology of restrictive sex roles and sexual identification.
The term genderfuck has long been part of the gay vernacularsrx started to appear in written documents in the s. Sheidlower cites the definition of the term gender fuck in Benser Humphreys' work Out of the Closets: Sociology of Homosexual Liberation as "a form of extended guerilla theatre ". Also quoted is the August issue of Rolling Stone magazine, in reference to the glam rock style: "The new "macho" transvestismcalled vulgarly "gender-fuck", a curious satire bbender female impersonation — dresses, beender, full make-up and beards — Is represented by, among others, three men in WAC uniforms and big moustaches".
To "fuck with" gender, one must have an expectation to be able to rebel against. These expectations are socially constructed and can vary widely between cultures. The bdnder binary is the idea that benxer two genders eex men and women. In many cultures it is only acceptable for an individual to embody one of two polar bendef roles. Ses roles often mimic the social expectations of the sexual categories sex "male" and "female".
Within this cultural expectation, people designated as male are expected to be masculine, while those designated female are expected to be feminine. In many cultures, for a person to be seen as belonging to a particular gender category, the individual must not only have a particular anatomical including genital makeup, but must conform to that culture's ideas of appropriate sex-role ssex.
These roles are highly influenced by culture and peers. To this end, those who go against expected conduct, for example gays and lesbiansmay be seen as "less than" or "other". In Western culturesgender roles have changed somewhat over the years. However, mainstream western culture still tends to expect stereotypical " feminine " behaviors from females, and " masculine " sex-role stereotypes from males.
A study by Princeton University outlined these common, prescriptive gender stereotypes: "masculine" - acts as a leader, aggressive, ambitious, analytical, assertive, athletic, competitive, defends own beliefs, dominant, forceful, has leadership abilities, independent, individualistic, makes decisions easily, self-reliant, self-sufficient, strong-personality, willing to take a stand, and willing to xex risks.
In Christian and Jewish cultures, gender roles and gender presentation have been policed since Biblical times: "The woman shall not wear that which pertaineth unto a man, neither shall a man put on a woman's garment; for all that do so are abomination unto the Lord thy God" Benddr. Crossing these lines has been interpreted by some Christians as a moral transgression.
However, other cultures - often indigenous peoplesor subcultures that exist within Western cultures - may conceptualize gender as having more than two optionsand even see their people as potentially fulfilling more than one gender role.
Some indigenous peoples of North America have historically had more than two gender roles as part of vender social structure,  while others, who may or may not have embraced this diversity historically, may accept modern two spirit people as part of their communities now.
People behder the Bugis society bender a total of five genders. These genders include what would traditionally be seen as cisgender man and woman, as well as transgender men and women, and the androgynous Bissu shamans. Often, parody and exaggeration are used to transgress gender rolesusually to expose them as artificial.
Gender bending bendet also be achieved through cross-dressing and androgynyboth of which challenge and contribute to dismantling the gender binary by separating expression or performance of gender from perceptions of biological or physiological sex. Thus, gender bending protests gender essentialism. Sex concept is protested not only through non-normative appearance, but by challenging bendwr gender roles, characteristics, or behaviors as well — for example, a female-bodied individual who is bendder assertive and nondomestic in order to sex the notion of essential femininity.
Gender bending is based in gender performativity : the concept of gender as a performance. It can be achieved through physical presentation e. Because much of gender performance is expressed through clothing, in societies where a gender binary can be observed, there bender an established, bendfr notion that some clothes are "masculine" and should be worn bender by male-bodied individuals, and others are "feminine" and should be worn sx by female-bodied individuals.
Hawkes, sociologist and author, addresses this "dress code" and the opportunity for a resistance: "The universality of [dress] codes and their meanings allows for sez [subversion of] the mainstream 'messages' they convey and through this to illuminate the existence of alternative [gender] identities.
Cross-dressing would be a form of gender bending because the purpose is to "fuck with gender" roles and presentation. Androgyny is not specifically gender bending, but it can be considered as such if bendet is being androgynous on purpose.
Many people who are androgynous may not make a conscious effort to look so. There have been many famous people who have cross-dressed and many famous people now who are androgynous. The rock star Bender was bdnder well known for his cross-dressing or androgynous look. Eddie Izzard started to freely talk about his cross-dressing as early as Shakespeare used cross-dressing in his performances. Over the centuries some readers have posited that Shakespeare's sonnets are autobiographical,  and point to them as evidence of his love for a young man.
With this said, Shakespeare had characters in his writings that were considered cross-dressers. Gender bending is seen through many forms of life. One of these forms is drag.
Drag shows are stage performances where people perform in drag. Drag costuming and makeup may in some cases simply involve an actor portraying a character of a sex or gender different from their own, or the performance itself may be a parody bender critique of gender and gender roles. Often "feminine" or "masculine" gender stereotypes bender the persons's culture are exaggerated for comic or satirical effect.
Performers may call themselves drag sxe or drag queens. Drag revues typically involve elaborate, glamorous costumes and musical performances.
The entertainers may sing, dance, or lip sync. A faux drag performer is a person who performs as the gender they identify as in day-to-day life, albeit in a usually exaggerated form. For instance a cisgender woman who performs as a drag queen is a faux queen or the other way around for a faux king.
Literature, in particular eroticais another method that has been used to explore genderfuck scenarios. The basis of the literary genre of genderfuck is that it's unimportant whether someone is a man or a woman during the sex act. Doris Libetseder points to Carol Queen 's short story The Leather Daddy and the Femmewhere a lesbian femme uses a strap-on dildo to have sex with a gay eex daddy as a fitting example of the genderfuck genre.
Gender bending is not always a purposeful sex standpoint. According to Butler, gender is something that bendder performed ; it only bencer cultural significance to the extent that this is ascribed to it. Despite the gender binary roles society imposes, there are many ways for individuals to express gender variation and not all of them are intentionally political radicalism.
A politically aware gender-fuck — such as that of RuPaul or to a limited extent Madonna — gets much closer to radicalism, but it is only by incorporating a critique of gender as an axis of power that playing about with gender signifiers can be more than wickedly entertaining . Judith Butler is one of the most well-known theorists who believe the idea that gender is something that is performed by individuals. Her concept of " gender performativity " is the idea that people choose to perform gender in a context in which vender are given very few socially acceptable choices, but can be explained as being similar to what actors do in front benderr the camera.
Due to the importance we place on the belief that men need to act like men and women need to behave like women, it is often believed that gender is an innate attribute and not a social construct.
In her article Performative Sex and Gender Constitution: An Essay in Phenomenology and Feminist TheoryButler explains that if gender is something that sexed bodies assimilate to in order to follow the societal codes of what is appropriate behavior, then those actions can be conceptualized in different ways to allow more flexibility for individuals.
In the same article, she asserts that in U. This script is policed by harassment, parental pressures to fill expectations, and peer influence. All of these are ways to guarantee that the culture will repeat itself from generation to generation. Judith Butler's theory about gender roles and their social implications and need for reconstruction is more fully developed in her book, Gender Trouble She argues that the limited acceptance of variation in gender roles does great harm to individual expression.
Bendee the limited options for both men and women, there is little room for their combined forces, because men are constantly focused on becoming the financial supporters of their families which leaves women with the sole option of being the maternal expert she is bennder to be. This idea excludes the sex women or feminine men from being acceptable parental figures for bender children because it may lead to a child growing up and conceptualizing the world differently.
According bemder Susan Witt's recent study, children generally come to their first conclusions about being male or female from their parents since typically they are the first people the child relates to and the nature of the relationship is intense.
Besides parents giving children gender specific clothing, toys, and expectations, there are often many subtle messages about srx is acceptable or not regarding gender. Witt's study showed that children that grow up with more androgynous gendered parents are more focused on achievements and behder have a better sense of self.
Types of abuse range from physical and sexual to psychological abuse and sex not associated with homosexuality alone. The Cockettes were a psychedelic drag queen troupe, founded in San Francisco In the late s.
According to the journal Maledicta in "Real transvestites and transsexuals are The gender-fuck Cockettes and such in dresses and beards. Credited as one of the innovators of the early 70's glam rock era, lead singer and guitarist Marc Bolan of rock band T.
Rex was dubbed 'feminine looking'. He was known for his volumised curly hair, vibrant wardrobe and experimentation bender glittery make-up and eyeliner. As well as this, he wore platform bendet and feather boas during bfnder performances.
Exploiting his androgynous appearance, rock star David Bowie wore a dress on the UK cover of his album, The Man Who Sold the Worldand often wore dresses, makeup and leotards both onstage and while doing interviews.
In a time when very few people were out, he announced he and his wife were both bisexual. The New York Dolls are a protopunk band, formed in and who were very influential in the early New York City punk rock scene.
They broke up in but reformed in The character also wears heavy make-up influenced by s female film stars like Joan Crawford. In one of the songs featured in the musical Dr. Prince wrote many songs that dealt bnder ambiguity - of gender, of sexuality, and of race. According to SheWiredGrace Jones laughs at outside attempts to define her gender identity. Singer-songwriter and political activist Annie Lennox began her career as lead singer with The Tourists in the late s.
In The s she fronted synthpop band the Eurythmics but has focused on solo work since the s with the exception of an album sex tour with Eurythmics In The American singer-songwriter and artist Phranc began her bendr in with punk band Nervous Gender. In Village Voice wrote: srx of Phranc's appeal is the genderfuck of bendwr sweet feminine voice coming from such a masculine frame.
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Sex Bender (Video ) cast and crew credits, including actors, actresses, directors, writers and more. A gender bender is a person who disrupts, or "bends", expected gender roles. Bending—or Some gender benders identify with the sex assigned them at birth, but challenge the societal norms that assign expectations of particular, gendered.
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